Pituitary disorders, also known as pituitary gland disorders, can disrupt the delicate balance of hormones in the body, leading to a wide range of symptoms and health issues. These disorders are primarily associated with abnormalities in the pituitary gland, a small but crucial gland located at the base of the brain.
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Causes of Pituitary Disorders
Pituitary disorders often originate from the development of benign tumors within or near the pituitary gland. These noncancerous growths can disrupt the normal functioning of the gland in several ways:
- Hormone Overproduction: Some pituitary tumors lead to the excessive secretion of hormones, causing various hormonal imbalances in the body. These imbalances can result in symptoms such as weight gain, stunted or excessive growth, high blood pressure, low sex drive, and mood changes.
- Compression Effects: As pituitary tumors grow, they may exert pressure on surrounding structures, including the pituitary gland itself, optic nerves, or adjacent brain tissue. This pressure can manifest as vision problems and persistent headaches.